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Zarya, FED 3, FED 2E, FED 10, FED 11

 

1) Zarya









  • Zarya translates as 'the dawn'. This camera was based on the FED 2 but without a Rangefinder and was marketed as an economic version for the Soviet home market, as indeed was the MIR. The Zarya is very rare in western Europe as it was not exported. For some stupid reason it was subjected to criticism by the Soviet photographic press, probably because of the lack of rangefinder. Being based on the FED 2 it is a superb camera, so if you are thinking of buying a new Voightlander Bessa L, please think again this could be a very cheap alternative.
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  • There was also a Zarya 3 with an inbuilt optical exposure meter. Less than 100 examples were manufactured and only 60 were ever sold. So if you come across one it could be worth a small fortune. It can be identified by the fact that it has two viewfinder.

 


Technical Information

  1. 1958-1959
  2. FED Kharkov, Ukranine
  3. Lens is screw mount 39mm Lieca-type
  4. Galilee Viewfinder
  5. Removable back cover
  6. Shutter speeds:B-30-125-500
  7. Focusing: 1 metre to infinity
  8. No self timer
  9. Flash sychronizer at 1/30s
  10. Diameter for sun shade is 42mm
  11. Film is standard 35mm loading via. a removable bottom
  12. Industar-26M 2.8/50 or Industar-50 3.5/50 (rigid mount)
  13. 141000 were produced

 

 

2) Fed 3




FED 3 Industar- 61 Coated 53mm F2.8





Fed 3 Serial Nr 000021

Industar- 61 Coated 53mm F2.8

  • This camera came in two versions. The first version was manufactured between 1962 and 1964 and was a very pretty looking camera, as shown in above photograph. Unfortunatly it was a departure from the robust world class FED 2 design, this was because it now incorporated slow speeds. This probably marked the end of FED trying to emulate Leica.
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  • The second version was manufactured between 1964 and 1980 and was an ugly looking brick shaped thing. It had been redesigned for ease of manufacture. However it was still based around that Leica Shutter, Rangefinder and Lens. Which means superb photographs and ease of use. The Industar-61 used a new optical glass that was slightly radioactive.

 


Fed 3 Type A

Fed 3 Type A


  • Fed 3 Type A (1961-1963)
    The Fed 3 is logical a development of the earlier Fed 2 cameras. Being based on the contemporary Leica many of the controls and layout will be familiar to Leica users. While certainly not in the same class as the earlier Fed 2, the Fed 3 actually has some important advantages. The main one being the incorporation of slower shutter speeds 1s, 1/2s, 1/4s, 1/8s and 1/15s of a second.

 

  • Fed 3L (1963-1969)
    Identical to the Type A, but supplied with the new type lens ( Lanthane Industar-61 50mm F2.8 Lens)

 


Fed 3 Type B

Fed 3 Type B

  • Fed 3 Type B (1964-1980)
    The camera was given a new flat top and a rapid film advance lever. The shoulder strap lugs were removed and a fixed film take up spool was added, except for export models which still had removable spools. These cameras have a strange fabric with a square pattern fabric. The last of these cameras had the serial number on the bottom. There are three variations as listed below: 1:"REVUE-3" engraving in two styles as sold by Quelle stores in West Germany. 2. 1967 model with "50 years of October"(see FED-4(b)) engraved on the top. This is an indirect reference to the Communist revoloution which took place in October 1917. This model has nylon cloth covering. 3. 1980 Moscow games engraving on the front. The eveready case for this camera has one snap and is made of brown leather with FED-3 (in Cyrillic Script letters) embossed in a large circle on the lens cover or with a chrome ring in place of the circle.

 

  • Fed 3L/D (1977-1980)
    identical to the Fed 3 type B , But with Industar-61 L/D 53mm Lens / Fed 3 Olympic games version

 


1961-63 Technical Information

  1. 1961 - 1963
  2. FED Kharkov, Ukranine
  3. Flash sychronizer
  4. Loose copy of Leica SM
  5. Film Loading by removable back
  6. Focusing: 1 metre to infinity
  7. Newly designed winding lever appreared on the top
  8. Lens is screw mount 39mm Lieca-type
  9. Shutter speeds: B-1-30-60-125-500
  10. 35mm Coupled rangefidner
  11. Industar-26M f2.8/50mm(52.4mm)
  12. Self timer 9 to 15 seconds delay

 

 


1964 -80 Technical Information

  1. 1964 - 1980
  2. FED Kharkov, Ukranine
  3. Flash sychronizer
  4. Loose copy of Leica SM
  5. Film Loading by removable back
  6. Focusing: 1 metre to infinity
  7. Newly designed winding lever appreared on the top
  8. Lens is screw mount 39mm Lieca-type
  9. Shutter speeds: B-1-30-60-125-500
  10. 35mm Coupled rangefidner
  11. 1963-80 Industar-61 f2.8/52mm(52.4mm)
  12. Self timer 9 to 15 seconds delay
  13. 2000000 produced

 

 

3) FED 2 Type E / FED 2 Type L (1969)

 


FED 2 Type E

FED 2 Type E

  • FED 2E
    This model moves the flash jack to the view finder assembly. The later cameras had a self timer added. There is also a film reminder added to the wind knob and a new higher rewind knob. The cover on the bottom of the shutter release has been done away with. The only FED-2 commerative is the "50 Years of October" which is this model. The eveready case for this camera has one snap and is made of brown leather with FED-2 (in Cyrillic Block letters) embossed on the lens cover. As the FED 2 line came to an end in the late 60s, the thrifty FEDniks took leftover FED 2 shutters and installed them in FED 3 type b bodies, producing a hybrid variously known as a FED 2 type e or FED 2L. These cameras normally shipped with the tack-sharp Industar-61 L/D 52 mm f 2.8.

 

 

4) FED 10

 


FED 10

  • This is a semi-automatic camera. It has a strange shape as it is very tall for its' height. This camera has a leaf shutter and a removable back. The film speed is set on a dial on the top deck which has a metering window next to it for manual operation. The eveready case for this camera has two snaps and is made of brown leather with FED-10 (in Cyrillic Block letters) and a rectangular outline embossed on the lens cover.

 


1964 -80 Technical Information

  1. 1969
  2. FED Kharkov, Ukranine
  3. Film Loading by removable back
  4. Focusing: 0.9 metre to infinity
  5. Lens is screw mount 39mm Lieca-type
  6. Shutter speeds: B,1,1/2,1/4,1/8,1/15,,1/30,1/60,1/125,1/250
  7. 35mm Coupled rangefidner
  8. INDUSTAR-61]52mm@F2.8)

 


A Sample phot by Fed 10 Industar-61

 


A Sample phot by Fed 10 Industar-61

 

 

5) FED 11 / FED Atlas

 








FED 11

  • This camera is a follow on to the FED-10. It does not say FED-11 anywhere on the camera only Atlas but is always referred to as the FED-11 Atlas in Soviet literature. The film speed setting has been moved to the lens mount and there is a rewind crank on this model. It appears that a series of interchangeable lenses was intended for this model as the lens is removable, however no other lenses are known. Interestingly the manual also says to never remove the lens. This camera is covered with nylon cloth. The eveready case for this camera has two snaps and is made of brown leather with FED-ATLAS (in Cyrillic Block letters) and a rectangular outline embossed on the lens cover.

 


1964 -80 Technical Information

  1. 1966-1971
  2. FED Kharkov, Ukranine
  3. Chrome
  4. Focusing: 0.9 metre to infinity
  5. Lens is screw mount 39mm Lieca-type
  6. Shutter speeds: B,1,1/2,1/4,1/8,1/15,,1/30,1/60,1/125,1/250
  7. 35mm Coupled rangefidner
  8. INDUSTAR-61]52mm@F2.8)

 

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